Forests are defined by their productivity and use:
“Forest lands” is where at least 10% of the land is cover of trees.
“Timberland” is productive forest land that can grow commercial-grade timber (at least 20 cubic feet of wood per acre per year) and where logging is allowed.
“Reserved Forest Land” is forest land and in some cases timberland that have been designated for special uses and where timber harvest and other activities are not allowed.
Reserved forests include “Wilderness Areas” which are designated by Congress. The Wilderness Act of 1964 identifies wilderness as “an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain.” There are over 4 million acres of designated Wilderness in Idaho including 3.8 million acres of forest land.
Reserved forests also include “Roadless Areas” owned by the federal government and managed by the U.S. Forest Service. “Roadless” forests are forest lands or timberlands that have been identified as “Roadless” during an inventory process ranging from large areas without existing road that have wilderness characteristics to small tracts of land that are adjacent to wilderness areas, parks and other restricted use areas. In 2001, the “Roadless Rule” effectively prohibited road construction, road reconstruction, and timber harvest on inventoried “Roadless” lands. In 2008, the Idaho Roadless Rule established management direction for 9.3 million acres of “Roadless” areas including an estimated 7.6 million acres of forestland. An undocumented amount of this is productive timberland that is effectively reserved from timber harvest.
OWNERSHIP BY USE DESIGNATION DATA in millions of ACRES
|Forest Land||Timberland||Reserved Forest Land||Other Forest Land|
|NFS - NON-Roadless (Estimated)||8,709||4,751||3,682||276|
|NFS - Roadless (Estimated)||7,600||7,200||-||400|
|Bureau of Land Managment||875||577||18||280|
|State of Idaho||1,245||1,123||12||110|
|Private Land Owners||3,060||2,856||-||204|
|Other Federal Owners||100||25||58||17|
|Check - NFS||0||-||0||-|
|Millions of ACRES|